Carmel Salhi


Associate Professor

Public Health and Health Sciences

Research Interests

Child and adolescent mental health; childhood adversity; global health, psychiatric epidemiology; qualitative research


Dr. Carmel Salhi is a social epidemiologist who utilizes qualitative methods to investigate, prevent, and mitigate the effects of violence on children and youth. His work focuses on two broad areas of violence prevention: 1) refugee’s exposure to violence, from their country of origin to their country of resettlement, and the effect it has on their mental health and well-being; 2) access to household firearms among US youth, especially in relation to suicide risk. In both domains, Dr. Salhi’s approach to understanding violence and its consequences is informed by the idea that violence is a complex, socially determined phenomenon in which the physical environment plays a critical — and often neglected — role. Dr. Salhi’s work leverages his interdisciplinary training epidemiology, anthropology, neuroscience, mathematics, biology, and history.

Selected Publications

Salhi, C., Azrael, D., & Miller, M. (2021). Parent and adolescent reports of adolescent access to household firearms in the United States. JAMA network open, 4(3), e210989-e210989.

Houston, A. R.*, Lincoln, A., Gillespie, S.*, Da Fonseca, T.*, Issa, O., Ellis, H., & Salhi, C. (2021). You Have to Pay to Live: Somali Young Adult Experiences With the U.S. Health Care System. Qualitative Health Research.

Salhi, C., Scoglio, A. A.*, Ellis, H., Issa, O., & Lincoln, A. (2021). The relationship of pre- and post-resettlement violence exposure to mental health among refugees: a multi-site panel survey of Somalis in the US and Canada. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 1-9. DOI: 10.1007/s00127-020-02010-8

Salhi, C., Berrigan, J.*, Azrael, D., Beatriz, E.*, Barber, C., Runyan, C., & Miller, M. (2021). ‘It’s changed how we have these conversations’: emergency department clinicians’ experiences implementing firearms and other lethal suicide methods counseling for caregivers of adolescents. International review of psychiatry, 1-13. DOI: 10.1080/09540261.2020.1870938

Salhi, C., Beatriz, E.*, McBain, R., McCoy, D., Sheridan, M., & Fink, G. (2021). Physical Discipline, Deprivation, and Differential Risk of Developmental Delay Across 17 Countries. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 60(2), 296-306.


PHTH 4120: Global Perspectives on Discrimination and Health

PHTH 5230: Global Health

PHTH 6224: Social Epidemiology