Health Science Outcomes

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Health Sciences

Outcomes for the Health Sciences Major
Upon satisfactory completion of the Health Sciences Program, Graduates should be able to:

Apply knowledge of the basic sciences.

  • Utilize knowledge of the principles and processes of the basic sciences and the scientific method in their completion of basic science courses, co-op and other experiential learning, and post-baccalaureate job placement and graduate program admission.

Understand and analyze the U.S. health care system.

  • Describe and assess basic components of the U.S. healthcare system, including care delivery, financing, quality, and management challenges.
  • Apply this knowledge to issues of healthcare access, quality, and health disparities
  • Utilize this information in their co-op and other experiential learning opportunities. Use basic public health principles.
  • Understand the multiple determinants of health, public health principles, and the core functions of public health, including the roles of federal, state and local governments.
  • Identify and analyze racial, ethnic, class and other health disparities, their origins, and their remediation, particularly as related to urban health.
  • Critically analyze and evaluate multiple viewpoints and strategies regarding public health challenges
  • Describe the role and impact of public policies, including laws, regulation, and litigation on both individual and population health.

Apply research methods and analytic strategies.

  • Describe the biostatistical, research design, and program evaluation skills essential to public health and the basic principles of clinical and health services research.
  • Characterize how epidemiologic and other public health analytic methods both quantitative and qualitative are used to safeguard the population’s health.
  • Use appropriate data to assess the well-being of a community and describe the tenets of effective community-based participatory research.

Communicate health information effectively and appropriately

  • Communicate clearly and persuasively through interpersonal, organizational and global channels, both orally and in writing.
  • Communicate effectively and appropriately current health-related ideas, arguments, and conclusions to a wide range of audiences, from providers, patients, families, caregivers to communities via public health campaigns
  • Utilize both traditional and new media as individuals and members of inter-professional health care teams.

Appreciate the roles and responsibilities of stakeholders in population health, including health care professionals, community members, health departments and institutions.

  • Explain the perspectives of diverse professions on public health, individual health, and health care delivery
  • Demonstrate their ability to engage in collaborative and interdisciplinary approaches and teamwork for improving population health through successful team-based coursework and experiential learning.

Utilize global perspectives.

  • Examine and understand the implications of critical health and public health issues confronting the United States and other countries the lens of global risks and opportunities.
  • Identify political, economic, and other factors affecting public health globally and the strategies required for change and improvement.
  • Discuss international efforts to improve health and deliver health care services and will be able to incorporate an understanding of the relationship between human rights and health.

In additional to general education purpose, Graduate Exercise Science Program seeks to assist students in meeting the following learning goals with associated student learning outcomes:

Learning Goal 1: Synthesize and apply advanced principles and concepts in exercise science

Learning Outcome 1.1: Apply advanced principles of exercise physiology including acute and chronic responses to endurance and resistance training of the cardiopulmonary, respiratory and musculoskeletal systems.

Learning Outcome 1.2: Describe the role of physical activity and exercise in health, well-being and disease states.

Learning Outcome 1.3: Integrate scientific rational and proven guidelines for the assessment and development of physical activity and exercise programs.

Learning Goal 2: Analyze scientific research in exercise science

Learning Outcome 2.1: Utilize the fundamental principles and concepts of conducting scientific research.

Learning Outcome 2.2: Integrate and apply exercise science principles to design and conduct a research study.

Learning Outcome 2.3: Be able to demonstrate proficiency in written, oral and visual communication skills for scientific communications.

Learning Goal 3: Describe the role of physical activity in public health

Learning Outcome 3.1: Describe the fundamental concepts and principles of public health

Learning Outcome 3.2: Plan, develop, and evaluate primary prevention programs.

Learning Outcome 3.3: Construct a needs assessment in an urban community

The MPH Program in Urban Health has identified the following core public health and urban health competencies, which guide all program activities:

General Public Health Competencies

Analytic/Assessment Skills

  • Assess the health status of populations and their related determinants of health and illness
  • Selects variables that measure public health conditions
  • Interprets qualitative and quantitative data
  • Utilizes data to address scientific, political, ethical, and social public health issues

Policy Development/Program Planning Skills

  • Articulates the implications of policy options

Communication Skills

  • Communicates in writing and orally, in person, and through electronic means, with linguistic and
    cultural proficiency
  • Applies communication strategies in interactions with individuals and groups

Cultural Competency Skills

  • Explains the dynamic forces that contribute to cultural diversity

Public Health Sciences Skills

  • Describes the scientific foundation of the field of public health
  • Applies the basic public health sciences (including, but not limited to: biostatistics, epidemiology, environmental health sciences, health services administration, and social and behavioral health sciences) to public health policies and programs
  • Determines the limitations of research findings

The MPH Program has one area of specialization, which is “Urban Health”. The specific competencies selected for this specialization mirror the general competencies the guide the entire program and have been amended to take into account the health of urban populations:

Urban Health Competencies

Analytic/Assessment Skills

  • Describes the characteristics of an urban population-based health problem
  • References sources of urban public health data and information Policy

Development/Program Planning Skills

  • Articulates policy options to address an urban health issue

Communication Skills

  • Solicits input from individuals and organizations in urban environments
  • Presents demographic, statistical, programmatic, and scientific information for use by professional and
    lay audiences

Cultural Competency Skills

  • Considers the role of cultural, social, and behavioral factors in the accessibility, availability,
    acceptability and delivery of urban public health services

Community Dimensions of Practice Skills

  • Establishes linkages with key stakeholders in an urban environment

Public Health Sciences Skills

  • Conducts a comprehensive review of the scientific evidence related to an urban public health issue, concern, or intervention
  • Retrieves scientific evidence from a variety of text and electronic sources

Leadership and Systems Thinking Skills

  • Promotes individual, team, and organizational learning opportunities

All graduates fulfill the competencies that guide the MPH Program.

After completion of the Population Health PhD program, graduates will be able to:

  1. Apply knowledge of population health theories and principles.
  2. Explain theories of population health and demonstrate how such theories impact population health assessment.
  3. Use research methods and analytic strategies to contribute to body of knowledge.
  4. Implement fundamentals of epidemiology, biostatistics, data analysis, research design and program evaluation.
  5. Conduct high quality research on population health related topics, such as social, nutritional, pharmacological and environmental epidemiology; program evaluation; epidemiological, biostatistical, and health assessment methods development; exercise physiology; health economics; and health policy.
  6. Publish research papers in top-quality academic journals and present findings at conferences.
  7. Build and develop one’s own expertise in a research domain through active research and teaching in the classroom.

Pharmacy

Upon completion of the program, students will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate evidence-based knowledge of the scientific foundations of medication research, approval and development.
  2. Apply scientific knowledge and principles of biological sciences, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, pharmaceutics, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacogenomics to generate hypotheses, to design scientific experiments, to reliably execute experimental protocols, to statistically analyze and interpret scientific data, and to generate scientific
  3. Apply quantitative principles in the calculations of doses, concentrations, molarities, standard curves and of pharmacokinetics.
  4. Use communication and information technology effectively and
  5. Retrieve, analyze, interpret, synthesize, and manage professional, lay, and scientific information and literature.
  6. Collaborate and communicate with other members of an interdisciplinary laboratory research
  7. Demonstrate effective written and verbal communication skills in order to present scientific
  8. Accurately and safely prepare, store and use drugs and chemicals in accordance to applicable environmental health and safety
  9. Demonstrate project management skills including project design, implementation, and
  10. Demonstrate critical thinking and problem-solving
  11. Exhibit ethical behavior and resolve dilemmas that arise in the research laboratory setting based on ethical principles of

The MS program learning outcomes are the following:

  1. Students will have met the objectives for learning outcomes in an undergraduate discipline relevant to their graduate field of study.
  2. Graduates will be able to summarize major themes and current research problems in their area of specialization.
  3. Graduates will be able to communicate the major tenets of their field and their work orally and in writing for students, peers and the lay public.
  4. Graduates will be able to identify areas where ethical issues may arise in their work or discipline, and articulate strategies for dealing with ethical issues in the profession.
  5. Graduates will be able to explain and identify open problems and areas needing development in their fields.
  6. Graduates will have carried out and presented an original work of research in their discipline, as applicable in Thesis bearing Master’s Program.

The MS program learning outcomes are the following:

  1. Students will have met the objectives for learning outcomes in an undergraduate discipline relevant to their graduate field of study.
  2. Graduates will be able to summarize major themes and current research problems in their area of specialization.
  3. Graduates will be able to communicate the major tenets of their field and their work orally and in writing for students, peers and the lay public.
  4. Graduates will be able to identify areas where ethical issues may arise in their work or discipline, and articulate strategies for dealing with ethical issues in the profession.
  5. Graduates will be able to explain and identify open problems and areas needing development in their fields.
  6. Graduates will have carried out and presented an original work of research in their discipline, as applicable in Thesis bearing Master’s Program.

The MS program learning outcomes are the following:

  1. Students will have met the objectives for learning outcomes in an undergraduate discipline relevant to their graduate field of study.
  2. Graduates will be able to summarize major themes and current research problems in their area of specialization.
  3. Graduates will be able to communicate the major tenets of their field and their work orally and in writing for students, peers and the lay public.
  4. Graduates will be able to identify areas where ethical issues may arise in their work or discipline, and articulate strategies for dealing with ethical issues in the profession.
  5. Graduates will be able to explain and identify open problems and areas needing development in their fields.
  6. Graduates will have carried out and presented an original work of research in their discipline, as applicable in Thesis bearing Master’s Program.

The MS program learning outcomes are the following:

  1. Students will have met the objectives for learning outcomes in an undergraduate discipline relevant to their graduate field of study.
  2. Graduates will be able to summarize major themes and current research problems in their area of specialization.
  3. Graduates will be able to communicate the major tenets of their field and their work orally and in writing for students, peers and the lay public.
  4. Graduates will be able to identify areas where ethical issues may arise in their work or discipline, and articulate strategies for dealing with ethical issues in the profession.
  5. Graduates will be able to explain and identify open problems and areas needing development in their fields.
  6. Graduates will have carried out and presented an original work of research in their discipline, as applicable in Thesis bearing Master’s Program.

The MS program learning outcomes are the following:

  1. Students will have met the objectives for learning outcomes in an undergraduate discipline relevant to their graduate field of study.
  2. Graduates will be able to summarize major themes and current research problems in their area of specialization.
  3. Graduates will be able to communicate the major tenets of their field and their work orally and in writing for students, peers and the lay public.
  4. Graduates will be able to identify areas where ethical issues may arise in their work or discipline, and articulate strategies for dealing with ethical issues in the profession.
  5. Graduates will be able to explain and identify open problems and areas needing development in their fields.
  6. Graduates will have carried out and presented an original work of research in their discipline, as applicable in Thesis bearing Master’s Program.
Ability Based Outcomes for the Doctor of Pharmacy Degree†
Domain 1 – Foundational Knowledge
1.1. Learner (Learner) Develop, integrate, and apply knowledge from the foundational sciences (i.e., pharmaceutical, social/behavioral/administrative, and clinical sciences) to evaluate the scientific literature, explain drug action, solve therapeutic problems, and advance population health and patient— centered care.
Domain 2 – Essentials for Practice and Care
2.1. Patient—centered care (Caregiver) Provide patient—centered care as the medication expert (collect and interpret evidence, prioritize, formulate assessments and recommendations, implement, monitor and adjust plans, and document activities).
2.2. Medication use systems management (Manager) Manage patient healthcare needs using human, financial, technological, and physical resources to optimize the safety and efficacy of medication use systems.
2.3. Health andwellness (Promoter) Design prevention, intervention, and educational strategies for individuals and communities to manage chronic disease and improve health and wellness.
2.4. Population—based care (Provider) Describe how population—based care influences patient— centered care and influences the development of practice guidelines and evidence—based best practices.
Domain 3 — Approach to Practice and Care
3.1. Problem Solving (Problem Solver) Identify problems; explore and prioritize potential strategies; and design, implement, and evaluate a viable solution.
3.2. Educator (Educator) Educate all audiences by determining the most effective and enduring ways to impart information and assess understanding.
3.3. Patient Advocacy (Advocate) Assure that patients’ best interests are represented.
3.4. Interprofessional collaboration (Collaborator) Actively participate and engage as a healthcare team member by demonstrating mutual respect, understanding, and values to meet patient care needs.
3.5. Culturalsensitivity (Includer) Recognize social determinants of health to diminish disparities and inequities in access to quality care.

Approved, 2013

3.6. Communication (Communicator) Effectively communicate verbally and nonverbally when interacting with an individual, group, or organization.
Domain 4 – Personal and Professional Development
4.1. Self—awareness (Self—aware) Examine and reflect on personal knowledge, skills, abilities, beliefs, biases, motivation, and emotions that could enhance or limit personal and professional growth.
4.2. Leadership (Leader) Demonstrate responsibility for creating and achieving shared goals, regardless of position.
4.3. Innovation and Entrepreneurship (Innovator) Engage in innovative activities by using creative thinking to envision better ways ofaccomplishing professional goals.
4.4. Professionalism (Professional) Exhibit behaviors and values that are consistent with the trust given to the profession bypatients, other healthcare providers, and society.

† Adopted from Medina M, Plaza CM, Stowe CD, et al. Center for the Advancement of Pharmacy Education 2013 Educational Outcomes. Am J Pharm Ed. 2013;77(8):162.

The Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) program learning outcomes are the following:

  1. Students will have met the objectives for learning outcomes in an undergraduate discipline relevant to their graduate field of study.
  2. Graduates will be able to summarize major themes and current research problems in their area of specialization.
  3. Graduates will be able to communicate the major tenets of their field and their work orally and in writing for students, peers and the lay public.
  4. Graduates will be able to identify areas where ethical issues may arise in their work or discipline, and articulate strategies for dealing with ethical issues in the profession.
  5. Graduates will be able to explain and identify open problems and areas needing development in their fields.
  6. Graduates will have carried out and presented an original work of research in their discipline.

The Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) program learning outcomes are the following:

  1. Students will have met the objectives for learning outcomes in an undergraduate discipline relevant to their graduate field of study.
  2. Graduates will be able to summarize major themes and current research problems in their area of specialization.
  3. Graduates will be able to communicate the major tenets of their field and their work orally and in writing for students, peers and the lay public.
  4. Graduates will be able to identify areas where ethical issues may arise in their work or discipline, and articulate strategies for dealing with ethical issues in the profession.
  5. Graduates will be able to explain and identify open problems and areas needing development in their fields.
  6. Graduates will have carried out and presented an original work of research in their discipline.

The Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) program learning outcomes are the following:

  1. Students will have met the objectives for learning outcomes in an undergraduate discipline relevant to their graduate field of study.
  2. Graduates will be able to summarize major themes and current research problems in their area of specialization.
  3. Graduates will be able to communicate the major tenets of their field and their work orally and in writing for students, peers and the lay public.
  4. Graduates will be able to identify areas where ethical issues may arise in their work or discipline, and articulate strategies for dealing with ethical issues in the profession.
  5. Graduates will be able to explain and identify open problems and areas needing development in their fields. 6. Graduates will have carried out and presented an original work of research in their discipline.

The Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) program learning outcomes are the following:

  1. Students will have met the objectives for learning outcomes in an undergraduate discipline relevant to their graduate field of study.
  2. Graduates will be able to summarize major themes and current research problems in their area of specialization.
  3. Graduates will be able to communicate the major tenets of their field and their work orally and in writing for students, peers and the lay public.
  4. Graduates will be able to identify areas where ethical issues may arise in their work or discipline, and articulate strategies for dealing with ethical issues in the profession.
  5. Graduates will be able to explain and identify open problems and areas needing development in their fields. 6. Graduates will have carried out and presented an original work of research in their discipline.

Physician Assistant

Specific Expected Learning Outcomes

Medical Knowledge: Medical knowledge includes the synthesis of pathophysiology, patient presentation, differential diagnosis, patient management, surgical principles, health promotion, and disease prevention. Physician assistant students must demonstrate core knowledge about established and evolving biomedical and clinical sciences and the application of this knowledge to patient care in their area of practice. In addition, physician assistant students are expected to demonstrate an investigative and analytic thinking approach to clinical situations. Physician assistant students are expected to develop the requisite medical knowledge proficiencies during their graduate education to understand, evaluate, and apply the following to clinical scenarios:

  • evidence-based medicine
  • scientific principles related to patient care
  • etiologies, risk factors, underlying pathologic process, and epidemiology for medical conditions
  • signs and symptoms of medical and surgical conditions
  • appropriate diagnostic studies
  • management of general medical and surgical conditions to include pharmacologic and other treatment modalities
  • interventions for prevention of disease and health promotion/maintenance
  • screening methods to detect conditions in an asymptomatic individual
  • history and physical findings and diagnostic studies to formulate differential diagnoses upon completion of the program.

Interpersonal & Communication Skills: Interpersonal and communication skills encompass the verbal, nonverbal, written, and electronic exchange of information. Physician assistant students must demonstrate interpersonal andcommunication skills that result in effective information exchange with patients, patients’ families, physicians,professional associates, and other individuals within the health care system. Physician assistant students are expected to develop the requisite interpersonal and communication skills proficiencies during the course of their graduate education to:

  • create and sustain a therapeutic and ethically sound relationship with patients
  • use effective communication skills to elicit and provide information
  • adapt communication style and messages to the context of the interaction
  • work effectively with physicians and other health care professionals as a member or leader of a health care teamor other professional group
  • demonstrate emotional resilience and stability, adaptability, flexibility, and tolerance of ambiguity and anxiety
  • accurately and adequately document information regarding care for medical, legal, quality, and financial purposesupon completion of the program.

Patient Care: Patient care includes patient- and setting-specific assessment, evaluation, and management. Physician assistant students must demonstrate care that is effective, safe, high quality, and equitable. Physician assistant students are expected to develop the requisite patient care proficiencies during their graduate education to:

  • work effectively with physicians and other health care professionals to provide patient-centered care
  • demonstrate compassionate and respectful behaviors when interacting with patients and their families
  • obtain essential and accurate information about their patients
  • make decisions about diagnostic and therapeutic interventions based on patient information and preferences,current scientific evidence, and informed clinical judgment
  • develop and implement patient management plans
  • counsel and educate patients and their families
  • perform medical and surgical procedures essential to their area of practice
  • provide health care services and education aimed at disease prevention and health maintenance
  • use information technology to support patient care decisions and patient education upon completion of the program.

Professionalism: Professionalism is the expression of positive values and ideals as care is delivered. Foremost, it involves prioritizing the interests of those being served above one’s own. Physician assistant students mustacknowledge their professional and personal limitations. Professionalism also requires that PA students practice without impairment from substance abuse, cognitive deficiency or mental illness. Physician assistant students must demonstrate a high level of responsibility, ethical practice, sensitivity to a diverse patient population, and adherence to legal and regulatory requirements. Physician assistant students are expected to develop the requisite professionalism skill proficiencies during the course of their graduate education to demonstrate:

  • understanding of the legal and regulatory requirements, as well as the appropriate role of the physician assistant
  • professional relationships with physician supervisors and other health care providers
  • respect, compassion, and integrity
  • accountability to patients, society, and the profession
  • commitment to excellence and on-going professional development
  • commitment to ethical principles pertaining to provision or withholding of clinical care, confidentiality of patientinformation, informed consent, and business practices
  • sensitivity and responsiveness to patients’ culture, age, gender, and abilities
  • self-reflection, critical curiosity, and initiative
  • healthy behaviors and life balance
  • commitment to the education of students and other health care professionals upon completion of the program.

Practice-based Learning & Improvement: Practice-based learning and improvement includes the processes through which physician assistant students engage in critical analysis of their own practice experience, the medical literature, and other information resources for the purposes of self- and practice-improvement. Physician assistant students must be able to assess, evaluate, and improve their patient care practices. Physician assistant students are expected to develop the requisite practice-based learning and improvement skill proficiencies during their graduate education to:

  • analyze practice experience and perform practice-based improvement activities using a systematic methodology in concert with other members of the health care delivery team
  • locate, appraise, and integrate evidence from scientific studies related to their patients’ health
  • apply knowledge of study designs and statistical methods to the appraisal of clinical literature and other information on diagnostic and therapeutic effectiveness
  • utilize information technology to manage information, access medical information, and support their own education
  • recognize and appropriately address personal biases, gaps in medical knowledge, and physical limitations in themselves and others upon completion of the program.

Systems-based Practice: Systems-based practice encompasses the societal, organizational, and economic environments in which health care is delivered. Physician assistant students must demonstrate an awareness of and responsiveness to the larger system of health care to provide patient care that balances quality and cost, while maintaining the primacy of the individual patient. PA students should work to improve the health care system of which their practices are a part. Physician assistant students are expected to develop the requisite systems-based practice skill proficiencies during the course of their graduate education to:

  • effectively interact with different types of medical practice and delivery systems
  • understand the funding sources and payment systems that provide coverage for patient care and use the systems effectively
  • practice cost-effective health care and resource allocation that does not compromise quality of care
  • advocate for quality patient care and assist patients in dealing with system complexities
  • partner with supervising physicians, health care managers, and other health care providers to assess, coordinate, and improve the delivery and effectiveness of health care and patient outcomes
  • accept responsibility for promoting a safe environment for patient care and recognizing and correcting systems-based factors that negatively impact patient care
  • apply medical information and clinical data systems to provide effective, efficient patient care
  • recognize and appropriately address system biases that contribute to health care disparities
  • apply the concepts of population health to patient care upon completion of the program.

Speech Language Pathology

The Doctor of Audiology knowledge and skills outcomes are outlined in the American Speech-Language and Hearing Association (ASHA) document

2012 Standards and Implementation Procedures for the Certificate of Clinical Competence in Audiology .

Standard IV—Knowledge and Skills Outcomes

The MS Speech-Language Pathology knowledge and skills outcomes are outlined in the American Speech-Language and Hearing Association (ASHA) document

2014 Standards and Implementation Procedures for the Certificate of Clinical Competence in Speech-Language Pathology.

Standard IV—Knowledge Outcomes

Standard V—Skills Outcomes