Associate Professor of Applied Psychology
Bouvé College of Health Sciences
For information and resources regarding returning to campus and COVID-19 please visit the university COVID-19 website
Disordered eating and other appearance-changing behaviors
Rachel Rodgers, PhD, FAED, is an associate professor of Applied Psychology at Northeastern University, and Director of the Applied Psychology Program for Appearance and Eating Research (APPEAR). Dr. Rodgers received her PhD from the University of Toulouse in France. Her research with APPEAR focuses on body image, disordered eating and other appearance-changing behaviors. Grounded in sociocultural models, this work aims to develop models of the effects of socio-cultural determinants on body image concerns and related behaviors, with a view to prevention of eating disorders and associated concerns at the individual level and also through public policy. She is a collaborating mentor with the STRIPED program at Harvard School of Public Health, a fellow of the Academy for Eating Disorders, and a member of the Advisory Board of Model Alliance.
An alarming proportion of women suffer from some form of disordered eating Both the fear of (becoming) fat and the desire for thinness have been identified as core elements of eating disorders that contribute to their development and persistence. However, much of the previous research has focused on thoughts rather than feelings in eating disorders, these dimensions have been somewhat overlooked. The present project aims to address this gap in the research and develop a way to reliability elicit, and to objectively measure fear of fat and desire for thinness using script-driven imagery, so as to study their role in the development and maintenance of eating disorders.
Bergmeier, H. J., Skouteris, H., Hetherington, M. M., Rodgers, R. F., Campbell, K. J, & Cox, R. (2017). Do maternal perceptions of child eating and feeding help to explain the disconnect between reported and observed feeding practices?: A follow up study. Maternal & Child Nutrition, 13(4), e12420. https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.12420.
Cerolini, S., Rodgers, R. F., & Lombardo, C. (2018). Partial sleep deprivation and food intake in participants reporting binge eating symptoms and emotional eating: preliminary results of a quasi-experimental study. Eating and Weight Disorders, 20, 90. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-018-0547-5.
Choquette, E. M., Ordaz, L., Melioli, T., Delage, B., Chabrol, H., Rodgers, R. F., & Thompson, J. K. (2018). Food and alcohol disturbance (fad) in the U.S. and France: nationality and gender effects and relations to drive for thinness and alcohol use. Eating Behaviors, 31, 113-119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.09.002
Convertino, A., Rodgers, R. F., Franko, D. L., & Jodoin, A. (2019). An evaluation of the Aerie Real campaign: Potential for promoting positive body image? Journal of Health Psychology, 24(6), 726-737. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105316680022
Delage, B., Melioli, T., Valls, M., Rodgers, R. F., & Chabrol, H. (2014). Etude exploratoire du vécu de la prise en charge des parents et de la fratrie de jeunes filles anorexiques [Exploratory study of the support experienced by the parents and siblings of anorexic girls. Neuropsychiatrie de l’Enfance et de l’Adolescence, 62, 508-513. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neurenf.2013.12.005
Donovan, E., Rodgers, R. F., Cousineau, T., McGowan, K. M., Luk, S., Yates, K., & Franko, D. (2016). Feasibility of a mindfulness and self-compassion based mobile intervention for adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 53, 217-221. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2016.09.009.
DuBois, R. H., Rodgers, R. F., Franko, D. L., Eddy, K., & Thompson, J. (2017). A network analysis investigation of the cognitive-behavioral theory of eating disorders. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 97, 213-221. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2017.08.004.
Franko, D. L., Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, M., Rodgers, R. F., Holmqvist Gattario, K., Frisén, A., Diedrichs, P., & Shingleton, R. (2015). Internalization as a mediator of the relationship between conformity to masculine norms and body image attitudes and behaviors among young men in Sweden, US, UK and Australia. Body Image, 15, 54-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2015.05.002
Fulmer, T., Rodgers, R. F., & Pelger, A. (2014). Verbal mistreatment in the elderly: Association with depression and quality of life. Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect, 26, 351-364. https://doi.org/10.1080/08946566.2013.801817
Garnett, B. R, Buelow, R., Franko, D. L., Becker, C. B., Rodgers, R. F., & Austin, S. B. (2014). The importance of campaign saliency as a predictor of attitude and behavior change: A pilot evaluation of social marketing campaign Fat Talk Free Week®. Health Communication, 20(10), 984-995. https://doi.org/10.1080/10410236.2013.827613.
Girard, M., Rodgers, R. F., & Chabrol, H. (2018). Prospective predictors of body dissatisfaction, drive for thinness, and muscularity concerns among young women in France: A sociocultural model. Body Image, 26, 103-110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.07.001.
Girard, M., Rodgers, R. F., & Chabrol, H. (2018). Support for a modified tripartite dual pathway model of body image concerns and risky body change behaviors in French young men. Sex Roles, 78, 799-809. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-017-0850-z
Kim, Y., Austin, S. B., Subramanian, Thomas, J. J., Eddy, K. T., Franko, D. F., Rodgers, R. F., & Kawachi, I. (2018). Risk factors for disordered weight control behaviors among Korean adolescents: Multilevel analysis of the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 51, 124-138. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22820.
Kling, J., Rodgers, R. F., & Frisén, A. (2016). Young men’s endorsement and pursuit of appearance ideals: the prospective role of appearance investment. Body Image, 16, 10-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2015.10.001
Laconi, S., Andreoletti, A., Chauchard, E., Rodgers, R. F., & Chabrol, H. (2016). Utilisation problématique d’Internet, temps passé en ligne et traits de personnalité. [Problematic Internet use, time online, and personality traits]. Encephale, 42, 214-218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.encep.2015.12.017
Laconi, S., Rodgers, R. F., & Chabrol, H. (2014). The measurement of Internet addiction: A critical review of existing scales and their psychometric properties. Computers in Human Behavior, 41, 190-202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2014.09.026
Lovering, M. E., Rodgers, R. F., Edwards George, J., & Franko, D. L. (2018). Exploring the tripartite influence model of body dissatisfaction in postpartum women. Body Image, 24, 44-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.12.001
Markle E., Rodgers, R. F., Sanchez W., & Ballou, M. (2015). Social support in the cohousing model of community: A mixed-method analysis. Community Development, 46, 616-631. https://doi.org/10.1080/15575330.2015.1086400
Markowitz, J. T., Cousineau, T. M., Franko, D. L., Schultz, A. T., Trant, M., Rodgers, R. F., & Laffel, L. M. B. (2014). Text messaging intervention for teens and young adults with diabetes. Diabetes Science and Technology, 8, 1029-1034. https://doi.org/10.1177/1932296814540130.
Melioli, T, Bauer, S., Franko, D. L., Moessner, M., Ozer, F., Chabrol, H., & Rodgers, R. F. (2016). Reducing eating disorder symptoms and risk factors using the internet: a meta-analytic review. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 1, 19-31. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22477.
Melioli, T., Girard, M., Gonzalez, N., El Jazouli, Y., Valla, A., Chabrol, H., & Rodgers, R. F. (2018). Utilisation d’Instagram, aptitude à critiquer les médias et symptômes de troubles du comportement alimentaire chez les adolescentes : une étude exploratoire. [Instagram use, social media literary as eating disorder symptoms among female adolescents: an exploratory study]. Journal de Therapie Comportementale et Cognitive, 28(4), 196-203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcc.2018.06.003
Melioli, T., Rispal, M., Hart, L., Chabrol, H., & Rodgers, R. F. (2018). French mental health first aid guidelines for eating disorders: An exploration of user characteristics and usefulness among college students. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 12, 229-233. https://doi.org/10.1111/eip.12369
Melioli, T., Rodgers, R. F., Rodrigues, M., & Chabrol, H. (2015). The role of body image in the relationship between internet use and bulimic symptoms: three theoretical frameworks. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 18, 682-686. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2015.0154.
Melioli, T., Sirou, J., Rodgers, R. F., & Chabrol, H. (2015). Etude du profil des personnes victimes d’intimidation réelle et d’intimidation sur Internet. [Victims of bullying and cyberbullying]. Neuropsychiatrie de L’enfance et de l’Adolescence, 63, 30-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neurenf.2014.07.007
Rodgers, R. F. (2016). The relationship between body image concerns, eating disorders and Internet use, part II: an integrated theoretical model. Adolescent Research Review, 1, 121–137. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40894-015-0017-5
Rodgers, R. F. (2016). The role of the “Healthy Weight” discourse in body image and eating concerns: An extension of sociocultural theory, Eating Behaviors, 22, 194–198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2016.06.004
Rodgers, R. F., Damiano, S. R., Wertheim, E. H., & Paxton, S. J. (2017). Media exposure in very young girls: prospective and cross-sectional relationships with BMIz, self-esteem and body size stereotypes. Developmental Psychology, 53, 2356-2363. https://doi.org/10.1037/dev0000407.
Rodgers, R. F., Donovan, E., Cousineau, T., Yates, K., McGowan, K., Cook, E.,… Franko, D. L. (2018). BodiMojo: Efficacy of a mobile-based intervention in improving body image and self-compassion among adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 47, 1363-1372. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-017-0804-3.
Rodgers, R. F., & Dubois, R. (2016). Cognitive biases to appearance-related stimuli in body dissatisfaction: A systematic review. Clinical Psychology Review, 46, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2016.04.006
Rodgers, R. F., DuBois, R., Frumkin, M. R., & Robinaugh, D. J. (2018). A network approach to eating disorder symptomatology: Do desire for thinness and fear of gaining weight play unique roles in the network? Body Image, 27, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.07.004.
Rodgers, R. F., & Franko, D. L. (2015). Eating disorder prevention on college campuses: Recruitment challenges. European Review of Applied Psychology, 24(1), 3-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erap.2015.03.003
Rodgers, R. F., Franko, D. L., Donovan, E., Cousineau, T., Yates, K., McGowan, K.,… Lowy A. S. (2017). Body image in emerging adults: The protective role of self-compassion. Body Image, 22, 148-155. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.07.003.
Rodgers, R. F., Franko, D. L., Gottlieb, M., & Daynard, R. (2015). Decreases in tanning behaviors following a short online survey: Potential for prevention? Preventive Medicine Reports, 2, 76-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.01.002
Rodgers, R. F., Franko, D. L., Lovering, M. E., Luk, Pernal, W., & Matsumoto, A. (2018). Development and validation of the Female Muscularity Scale. Sex Roles, 78,18-26. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-017-0775-6
Rodgers, R. F., Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, M., Holmes, M., Skouteris, H, & Broadbent, J. (2018). When does behavior follow intent? Relationships between trait level dietary restraint and daily eating behaviors? Appetite, 120, 449-455. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2017.09.030.
Rodgers, R. F., Lowy, A. S., Halperin, D. M., & Franko, D. L. (2016). A systematic review and meta-analysis examining the influence of pro-eating disorder websites on body image and eating pathology. European Eating Disorders Review, 24, 3-8. https://doi.org/10.1002/erv.2390.
Rodgers, R. F., McLean, S. A., Marques, M., Dunstan, C., & Paxton, S. (2016). Trajectories of body dissatisfaction and dietary restriction in early adolescent girls: a latent class growth analysis. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45, 1664–1677. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0356-3.
Rodgers, R. F., McLean, S. A., & Paxton, S. J. (2015). Longitudinal relationships among internalization of the media ideal, peer social comparison, and body dissatisfaction: Implications for the tripartite influence model. Developmental Psychology, 51, 706-713. https://doi.org/10.1037/dev0000013.
Rodgers, R. F., McLean, S. A., & Paxton, S. J. (2018). When seeing is not believing: An examination of the mechanisms accounting for the protective effect of media literacy on body image. Sex Roles. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-018-0973-x
Rodgers, R. F., & Melioli, T. (2016). The relationship between body image concerns, eating disorders and Internet use, part I: a review of empirical support. Adolescent Research Review, 1, 95–119. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40894-015-0016-6
Rodgers, R. F., Nichols, T. E., Damiano, S. R., Wertheim, E. H., & Paxton, S. J. (2019). Low body esteem and dietary restraint among 7-year old children: The role of perfectionism, low self-esteem, and belief in the rewards of thinness and muscularity. Eating Behaviors, 32, 65-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.12.004.
Rodgers, R. F., O’Flynn, J. L., Bourdeau, A., & Zimmerman, E. (2018). A biopsychosocial model of body image, disordered eating, and breastfeeding among postpartum women. Appetite, 126, 163-168. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2018.04.007.
Rodgers, R. F., & Paxton, S. J. (2014). The impact of indicated prevention and early intervention on co-morbid eating disorder and depressive symptoms: A systematic review. Journal of Eating Disorders, 2, 30. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-014-0030-2
Rodgers, R. F., Paxton, S. J., & McLean, S. A. (2014). A biopsychosocial model of body image concerns and disordered eating in early adolescent girls. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43, 814-823. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-013-0013-7.
Rodgers, R. F., Paxton, S. J., McLean, S. A., Campbell, K. J., Wertheim, E. H., Skouteris, H., & Gibbons, K. (2014). Maternal negative affect is associated with emotional feeding practices and emotional eating in young children. Appetite, 80, 242-247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2014.05.022.
Rodgers, R. F., Paxton, S. J., McLean, S. A., & Damiano, S. (2016). “Does the voice in your head get kinder as you get older?” Women’s perceptions of body image in midlife. Journal of Women and Aging, 28, 395-402. https://doi.org/10.1080/08952841.2015.1018034.
Rodgers, R. F., Paxton, S. J., McLean, S. A., Massey, R., Mond, J. M., Hay, P. J., & Rodgers, B. (2015). Stigmatizing attitudes and beliefs towards bulimia nervosa: The importance of knowledge and eating disorder symptoms. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 203, 259-263. https://doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0000000000000275.
Rodgers, R. F., Pernal, W., Matsumoto, A., Shiyko, M., Intille, S., & Franko, D. L. (2016). Capitalizing on mobile technology to support healthy eating in ethnic minority college students. Journal of American College Health, 64, 125-132. https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2015.1085055.
Rodgers, R. F., Peterson, K. E., Hunt A. T., Spadano-Gasbarro, J. L., Richmond, T. K., Greaney, M. L., & Austin, S. B. (2017). Racial/ethnic and weight status disparities in dieting and disordered weight control behaviors among early adolescents, Eating Behaviors, 26, 104-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2017.02.005.
Rodgers, R. F., Schaefer, L., Thompson, J. K., Girard, M., Bertrand, M., & Chabrol, H. (2016). Psychometric properties of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4 (SATAQ-4) in French women and men. Body Image, 17, 143–151. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.03.002.
Rodgers, R. F., Shiyko, M., Intille, S., Wilson, K., O’Carroll, D., Lovering, M.,… Franko, D. L. (2016). Exploring healthy eating among ethnic minority students using mobile technology: Feasibility and adherence. Journal of Health Informatics, 22(3), 440-450. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1460458214565950
Rodgers, R. F., & Sonneville, K. (2018). Research for leveraging food policy in universal eating disorder prevention. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 51, 503-506. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22877
Rodgers, R. F., Watts, A. W. Austin, S. B., Haines, J., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2017). Disordered eating in ethnic/racial minority adolescents with overweight. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 50(6), 665-671. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22652.
Rodgers, R. F., Wertheim, E. H., Damiano, S. R., Gregg, K., & Paxton, S. J. (2019). A qualitative, prospective study of children’s understanding of weight gain. British Journal of Developmental Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12279.
Rodgers, R. F., Wertheim, E., Damiano, S., Gregg, K. J., & Paxton, S. (2015). “Stop eating lollies and do lots of sports”: A prospective qualitative study of the development of children’s awareness of dietary restraint and exercise to lose weight. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 12, 155. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-015-0318-x
Rodgers, R. F., Wilking, C., Gottlieb, M., Daynard, R., Lovering, M., Matsumoto, A.,… Franko, D. L. (2016). Qualitative study of the decision to engage in tanning behaviors among female college students. European Review of Applied Psychology, 66, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erap.2015.11.003
Rodgers, R. F., Ziff, S., Lowy, A., Yu, K., & S. B. Austin. (2017). Results of a strategic science study to inform policies targeting extreme thinness standards in the fashion industry. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 50(3), 284-292. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22682.
Rousseau, A., Rodgers, R. F., & Eggermont, S. (2019). A short-term longitudinal exploration of the impact of TV exposure on objectifying attitudes toward women in early adolescent boys. Sex roles, 80, 186-199. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-018-0925-5
Rousseau, A. Rodgers, R. F., & Eggermont, S. (2017). A biopsychosocial model for understanding media internalization and appearance dissatisfaction among preadolescent boys and girls. Communication Research, 1-27. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093650217739996
Saul, J., & Rodgers, R. F. (2018). Adolescent eating disorder risk and the online world. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinics, 27(2), 221-228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chc.2017.11.011.
Saul, J., & Rodgers, R. F. (2016). Wellness, not weight: Changing the focus in children and adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 55(1), 7-9.
Sonneville, K., & Rodgers, R. F. (2019). Shared concerns and opportunity for joint action in creating a food environment that supports health. Nutrients, 11(1), 41. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11010041.
Spiel, E., Rodgers, R. F., Paxton, S. J., Wertheim, E. H., Damiano, S. R., Gregg, K. J., & McLean, S. A. (2016). “He’s got his father’s bias”: Parental influence on weight bias in young children. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 34, 198-211. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12123
Stone, D. I. G., DuBois, R. H., DeJesus, B., Rodgers, R. F., & Rizzo, C. (2017). A network analysis of self-cutting risk among late adolescent girls exposed to dating violence. Journal of Adolescence, 61, 12-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2017.09.002
Tang, J., Li, C., Rodgers, R. F., & Ballou, M. (2015). Effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy with Asian American patients in an acute psychiatric partial hospital program. North American Journal of Medicine & Science, 8, 154-159. https://doi.org/ 10.7156/najms.2015.08
Tang, J. T., Li, C., Rodgers, R. F., & Ballou, M. (2016). Ethnic differences in the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy combined with medication: Comparing Asian American and white psychiatric patients. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 24, 46-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2016.08.012.
van Leeuwen, N., Rodgers, R. F., Bui, E., Pirlot, G., & Chabrol, H. (2014). Relations between acculturation orientations and antisocial behavior in adolescents and young adults from immigrant families. International Journal of Culture and Mental Health, 1, 68-82. https://doi.org/10.1080/17542863.2012.699534
van Leeuwen, N., Rodgers, R. F., Gibbs, J, & Chabrol, H. (2014). Callous-unemotional traits and antisocial behavior among adolescents: The role of self-serving cognitions. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 44, 229-237. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-013-9779-z.
Zimmerman, E., Rodgers, R. F., O’Flynn, J., & Bourdeau, A. (2018). Weight-related concerns as barriers to exclusive breastfeeding at six months. Journal of Human Lactation, 35(2), 284-291. https://doi.org/10.1177/0890334418797312.